Safe Storage of Crop Protection Products (pesticides).
N.B. This is a text only version of the second half of the training module "Purchase, Transport and Storage of Crop Protection Products (pesticides)" which is also available to download as a PowerPoint presentation or view as a Flash Movie
Pesticide Product Storage
Correct and safe storage of crop protection products is essential to:-
- Protect human health
- Protect the environment
- Maintain product integrity and effectiveness
- Most product labels require that the product is stored within a locked facility.
- Follow the storage instructions on the label. Some products require separation from other products.
- Secure storage protects the products integrity and reduces the risk of theft.
- Always understand the storage hazard warning on the label.
Store types and sizes
The type and size of store will be dependent on the amount of product to store and any local legislation relating to that storage. Stores may be:
- Purpose built chemical store.
- Locked building
- Locked box
Keys and access to any product store must be controlled by someone who has been trained.
Where possible, reduce the need – and volume – of crop protection products to be stored. Buy products as required.
Stores should be situated in a location away from houses, schools, hospitals etc
- Locate stores away from water courses and wells.
- Do not locate stores in areas that are prone to flooding and/or fire.
- The site chosen should have easy access for both the reception and distribution of products as well as for emergency services in the event of an accident.
- Locate lockable, box stores outside of any dwelling, away from direct sunlight and protected from rain. If in a cool climate, protect the box from frost.
Purpose built stores on farms
The storing of higher volumes of crop protection products on farms, plantations and similar premises may require a purposefully built, dedicated facility.
- Use a low risk area for fires and floods
- Away from human habitation and animals
- In a shaded location to avoid excessive temperatures. Note that some formulations and products become unstable or inflamable at high temperatures.
- Site store in a dry location.
Note that dampness and/or excessive humidity can destroy product labels and packaging.
Local legislation may prescribe the structure of this building and other authorities may also need be consulted. In general, these buildings will need to be:
- Fire and flood proof
- Temperature control
- Solid floor
Suggested design of purpose built CPP store
1. Locked room with controlled access (key, digital code, magnetic card) reserved specifically for storage purposes
2. Facility identified as the “Storage Room”
3. Facility to be located away from residential buildings and watercourses
4a. Room to be well aired or ventilated
4b. High and low-level ventilation grilles on opposite walls
5a. Room to be temperature controlled (+2 to +30C)
5b. If heating or air-conditioning is required, use systems which do not pose a fire hazard
6. Leak-proof stone/tiled floor with surrounding edge and/or system for recovering any spillage to prevent contamination of the exterior environment
7a. Electrical installations conform to local regulations
8. Clearly displayed safety instructions (no smoking/drinking/eating; evacuation procedure)
9a. Storage equipment made from non-absorbent, impermeable, non-combustible materials
9b. Keep products off the ground by using wooden pallets or retention pans
10. Products classified as T, T+, carcinogenic (R40, R49, R45), mutagenic (R46, R40, R68) and toxic to reproduction (R60, R61, R62, R63) must be grouped separately
11. ABC powder extinguisher located outside the store
12. Raised door threshold (ie, floor slightly lower than door level)
13a.Door that opens towards the exterior
13b.Fire door with anti-panic handle
14.Nearby water supply
15.First aid cupboard with eye shower
16.Container for stocking empty packaging
17.Telephone and emergency phone numbers close at hand
18.Safety data sheets for all products held in stock
19.Stock management book
20.Shower for cleaning up after using products (may be in house)
21a.Cupboard for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
21b.Dual-compartment cupboard (for normal clothes and PPE)
23.Absorbent material for spills (eg vermiculite, cat litter)
24.Brush, broom, shovel and other tools reserved solely for CPPs
25.CPPs stocked in their original packaging
26.Separate storage for out-of-date or non-useable products
27.Bin for soiled disposable PPE
28.System for recovering soiled rinse-water (drums or draining to retention tank)
29.Cleaning equipment to clean the store room on a regular basis
Smaller product volumes
Where legislation permits a dedicated storage area within a building, a chest or box may be adequate for smaller amounts of crop protection products. These facilities must:
- Have adequate space to enable products to be stored tidely and safely.
- Be labeled to identify the store with appropriate hazard warnings
- Be located away from children and animals.
- Be located outside of any dwelling area
- Be kept locked at all times to avoid unauthorised access when unsupervised the store.
- Be able to store products on trays – or within secondary containers - that would retain the contents in the event of a leak.
- Keep products off the floor.
Using a labeled, lockable box
A simple locked box - mounted on the wall away from the reach of children when not in use – may be appropriate for the safe storage of small product volumes.
Choice of size of lockable box will need to consider quantities of products to be stored.
Product storage: management
- Periodically check that stored products are in good condition and have not passed their expiry date Note: When products have passed their expiry date then ask your supplier if he will take them back. If not then dispose of them following local best practice.
- Record all products in store; their delivery and their use. Note: Keep these records in a safe place and be available for emergency services if required
- Check condition of products at delivery
- Keep the store clean and tidy.
- Avoid trip hazards
- Have absorbant materials available to mop up spillages.
- Do not store liquid products above dry formulations.
- Do not store personal protective equipment in product stores.
- Products must only be stored in their original containers.
- Stock control must allow older product batches to be used first. Adopt “first in - first out“ policy to ensure older products get used first.
- All products must have a date of manufacture and an expiry date.
- Do have a system of waste management that follows local best practice.
Product Storage: safety
Safety equipment should include:
- Hazard warning signs, outside and inside the store
- Emergency procedures in the event of an accident (with contact telephone numbers)
- Fire extinguisher
- First aid kit
- Clean water to wash off spills
- Absorbant material to soak up any spills
- Waste bin for contaminated waste
- Personal protective equipment in separate store close to product store
- Do not leave products unlocked and unattended at any time
- Do not store products or keys to stores within reach of children.
- Do not store liquids above powders.
- Do not store close to foodstuffs, animal feed, seed, fertiliser, gasoline or medical supplies.
- Do not smoke, eat or drink in the store room.
- Use older products before new.
- Have absorbant material available to soak up any spills.
- Keep stock records.
- Keep the store under lock and key.
- Store products in their original containers.
- Clean up any spillage immediately after the event.
- Have product labels available to help explain the details.
- For smallholder farmers, demonstrate the locked box.
- Use posters and leaflets to generate discussion.
- If on a farm situation, visit a store or get the participants to decide where a store might be sited.
- Understand the transport and storage legislation current in country, modify the slide accordingly.
- What should you look for on the label when purchasing a product?
- Where should you site a chemical store?
- Suggest some precautions when transporting products.
- If several products are available that do the same job what aspects should you be looking at to decide which product to buy?
- Should you store liquids above powders or the other way around?
Pesticide Stores: http://www.fao.org/docrep/V8966E/V8966e.htm
Guidance on storing pesticides for farmers and other professional users (56 Kb pdf file): http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/ais16.pdf
Guidelines for the safe transport of crop protection products (pesticides) from Crop Life (9.8 Mb pdf file)
Guidelines for the safe warehousing of crop protection products (pesticides) from Crop Life (7Mb pdf file)